Do you love rocks, but you're not sure what to do with your geology or geosciences degree?

Person standing as rock layers are added behind with the word

Careers with a geology degree can include...

  • Teaching

  • Writing

  • Creating social media

  • Digging up dinosaurs

  • Arguing court cases

  • Advising governments

  • Designing buildings, public spaces, or even jewelry

...and many more!

From studying geology, you've developed a wide range of skills, which you can apply to an even wider range of jobs! Explore these 4 career path categories for your geology degree.

1. Put your geology knowledge to work

The majority of careers for geology graduates fit into this category. Typically, they involve using your knowledge of earth science to evaluate a situation, interpret it, and make recommendations.

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With a bachelor’s degree (and potentially further training/licensing/certification), you can consider these jobs:

Icon of mountains, water, and roads with 3 location pins dropped in different parts Geologist

  • Environmental geologist, field technician, or consultant: study local land, air, or water conditions and recommend steps for management or improvement

  • Petroleum geologist: identify the location and size of fossil fuel reserves

Icon showing three layers: rock, soil, and property lines Surveyor

  • Determine the suitability of specific areas for building or other land uses

Icon showing three sparkling gemstones Gemologist

  • Evaluate precious gems in jewelry and other decorative objects

Icon of earth with scales of justice on top Environmental lawyer

  • With a law degree, argue cases or develop policies on the use of natural resources

With a master's or doctoral degree, you can consider these jobs:

Icon of gear, wrench, and earth symbol Environmental engineer

  • Help design infrastructure, usually within a specialty (e.g., geotechnical, sustainability, or mining)

Icon of trending arrow pointing diagonally upward to the right Senior geologist or consultant

  • Management positions may require both experience and a postgraduate degree

2. Share science knowledge

Some career paths with a geology degree promote a wider understanding of science in general.

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Primary/secondary science teacher

  • Teach geology and other sciences

  • May require a further degree and/or certification

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Museum curatorial staff

  • Design educational exhibits about geology-related topics

  • May require a further degree

Icon of person smiling and holding small flag in front of mountains

Outdoor educator

  • Teach about the natural world, often in an outdoor setting

  • Specific roles can include park ranger, camp counselor, or naturalist

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Science communicator

  • Use a range of media to make scientific information accessible to the public


Bryce is graduating soon with a bachelor’s degree in geology. He doesn’t want to do field or lab work anymore, but he is passionate about environmental causes. He’s willing to consider further education. Which path(s) should he investigate most seriously?

3. Advance geoscience research

What if you actually DO want to study rocks all the time? To make geologic discoveries?

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With a master’s degree or Ph.D., you can consider:

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Research geoscientist

  • Gather data (on ROCKS!) in the field

  • Analyze and interpret data in the lab

  • Publish findings and advise companies or governments

Icon of graduate cap on top of 3 stacked books Professor

  • Conduct research similar to that of a research geoscientist

  • Teach and mentor university students

If you have a bachelor's degree, you may be able to work with a lead researcher as an associate geologist or technician. 

4. Pivot into other industries!

Want to go in a different direction entirely?

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You can take your transferable skills beyond direct applications and science advocacy!

Skill: Analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data ⬇️

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Investment banker

  • Make financial decisions based on complicated data

  • Incorporate knowledge of natural resources such as minerals

  • Likely requires additional training and/or M.B.A.

Skills: (1) Problem-solving in imperfect conditions AND (2) explanatory and persuasive communication ⬇️

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Information technologist or systems administrator

  • Solve technology problems with imperfect data

  • Communicate technical information


Jade has been working for 2 years as a jr. geologist after her B.S. in geology. She enjoys the tech she uses in her work, but she wants to do more problem-solving. She can't afford more education. Which of these might she consider? Select all that apply:

Who hires geology grads?

Your skills are in demand across many industries, so you can find geoscience jobs in common settings:

  • Corporate

  • Academic

  • Government

  • Nonprofit

Several large industries employ many geology and geoscience graduates:

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  • Oil, gas, and mining

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  • Environmental and sustainability

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  • Construction

Take Action

A professor points to a rock, picks up a bread roll, then rolls away on a chair, saying,

With all these possibilities, the next step is to narrow down your options.


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