I enjoy to travel/traveling.

This book is bored/boring.

Which form is correct?

A thinking emoji shown on a smartphone. Photo by Markus Winkler on Unsplash

English grammar can get difficult, but learning when to use "-ing" verbs will help you in everyday interactions and during exams.

What is an "-ing" verb?

A woman shrugs her shoulders and looks confused.

The term "ing verb" usually refers to the form of the verb ending in "-ing", which is either a present participle or a gerund.

Both forms are the same but have different functions in a sentence depending on the context.

How do we make it?

Base verb + "-ing" ending

  • look = looking

  • sit = sitting

  • play = playing

Present Participles

A woman looks up information in a book. She smiles, looks up, and points her finger in the air when she finds it.

Present participles have two main functions:

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1. To form the continuous verb tenses ✔


  • Present continuous: She is walking to school.

  • Past continuous: They were reading a book.

  • Future continuous: I will be singing in the contest.

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2. To be used as an adjective (to describe a noun or pronoun) ✔


  • The barking dog woke me up.

  • He is a loving and caring father.

  • The movie is boring, and I don't want to watch it.


Can you find the present participles in the following sentences?


A woman thinks and points her finger in he air.

Gerunds function as nouns and can be used as subjects or objects of sentences.

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Subject — performs the action of the verb


Swimming is my favorite hobby.

Smoking is bad for your health.

Writing helps me to clear my ideas.

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Object — receives the action of the verb


I like cooking in the evening.

Fred enjoys reading fantasy books.

She considered not going to the party.


Can you find the gerunds in the following sentences?

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