Did you know?
21.4% of U.S. adults experience a mood disorder at some point in their lives.
It's normal to experience a range of emotions, but if your mood or changes in mood become extreme enough to affect your daily life, it could be due to a mood disorder.
While depressive and bipolar disorders are the main forms, several different types of mood disorders exist.
Major depressive disorder is also referred to as "clinical depression".
It involves having symptoms such as feelings of sadness and hopelessness for at least 2 weeks. Other symptoms may include:
Feeling constantly tired
Lack of interest in many activities
Persistent depressive disorder (previously also known as dysthymia) is a form of depression that is less severe but has lasted for 2 or more years.
Other Depressive Disorders
Some types of mood disorders include symptoms of depression and mood changes, but have additional characteristics that give them their own diagnosis. These include:
This type of depression is experienced by mothers after they give birth.
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
This disorder is diagnosed in children who experience persistent irritability and frequent extreme temper outbursts.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
This involves symptoms such as irritability and depressed mood before menstruation, which are resolved afterwards.
During manic episodes, a person may:
Eat and sleep less
Feel extremely high, elated, or irritable
Have racing thoughts or speech
Do risky things that are potentially harmful to themselves
Feel unusually important or powerful
Cyclothymic disorder is a mild form of bipolar disorder.
Cyclothymic disorder involves brief periods of mild depression and periods of hypomania (high mood that is less severe than mania).
Kim was feeling down, tired, and unmotivated starting in November. In late March, her symptoms improved. What mood disorder might she be experiencing?
Other Mood-Related Disorders
These types of mood disorders involve symptoms of depression or mania that are triggered or induced.
Symptoms can be triggered by medical conditions such as cancer, infections, and stroke.
Symptoms can be due to the effects of medication, toxins, or substance abuse, including alcoholism.