Have you ever had a difficult math problem and just didn't know where to start? When problems need more than one step to complete them, it can be unclear what to do first.

Using PEMDAS helps you know what operation to complete and in what order!

## What is PEMDAS?

### PEMDAS is a strategy to help you remember the order of operations when calculating a math problem.

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## Using PEMDAS

Parentheses: Calculate all operations within parentheses first.

Exponents: Next, calculate or expand any exponents.

Multiplication & Division: Third, complete any multiplication and division, whichever comes first, working from left to right.

Addition & Subtraction: Last, calculate any addition or subtraction, whichever comes first, working from left to right.

## Where do you start? 🤔

Consider this question:

## Calculate 3 + 4 x 2

### Option 1 ➕

If you add first and then multiply, you would have:

### Option 2 ✖

If you multiply first and then add, you would have:

## Which one is correct?

Remember, we use PEMDAS to determine which operation we complete first.

P: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have parentheses?" No.

E: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have exponents?" No.

MD: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have multiplication or division?" YES, therefore you complete the multiplication or division first (whichever comes first from left to right) and then the addition or subtraction.

### The correct answer is 11 because we multiply before we add.

Remember, M comes before A in PEMDAS!

## Explore another example 🤔

Consider this question:

## Calculate 10 - 5 + 2

### Option 1 ➖

If you subtract first and then add, you would have:

### Option 2 ➕

If you add first and then subtract, you would have:

## Which one is correct?

P: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have parenthesis?" No.

E: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have exponents?" No.

MD: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have multiplication or division?" No.

AS: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have addition or subtraction?" YES, therefore you complete the addition or subtraction first (whichever comes first from left to right).

### The correct answer is 7 because AS is paired together.

While the A comes first in PEMDAS, subtraction is first in the expression as we move from left to right. Therefore, you need to subtract and then add.

## Explore another example 🤔

Consider this question:

### Option 1 ✖

If you multiply first, then divide, and then add you would have:

3x6 = 18, then 18÷2=9 and then 9+1=10, with your answer being 10.

### Option 2 ➕

If you add first and then multiply and divide you would have:

## Which one is correct?

P: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have parenthesis?" No.

E: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have exponents?" No.

MD: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have multiplication or division?" YES, therefore you complete the multiplication and/or division first (whichever comes first from left to right) and then move to the next step.

AS: Ask yourself: "Does this problem have addition or subtraction?" YES, therefore you complete the addition or subtraction first (whichever comes first from left to right).

Now you try! ⭐

#### Quiz

Calculatethis math problem using PEMDAS: 11 - 2 x 3 + 5 =

## Take Action

When faced with a calculation that has more than one operation, use PEMDAS to help you remember which to complete first.