Imagine...

It's a Friday afternoon at school. While Kelly is getting ready to go to history class, her friends say, "We're skipping today to see the new Star Wars movie. That class is a snoozefest anyway."

Kelly really doesn't want to miss her class, but her friends pressure her to join them.

Kelly thinks she has two choices:

  • Skip school and "fit in."

  • Not skip and be "left out."

a character called Kelly being pressured by friends into skipping school

Do you think she really has two choices in this scenario?

What Is Negative Peer Pressure?

Kelly is experiencing negative peer pressure: the way people of the same social group can influence one another in negative ways.

It's the feeling that you have to do something you don't want to do, or else your peers won't like or respect you. It could be about:

  • drinking alcohol

  • trying drugs

  • skipping school

  • wearing clothes you don't like

  • fighting or bullying someone

  • any other negative behaviors

Does this sound familiar?

octavia spencer drinking GIF by #MAmovie

If your answer is yes, then you're familiar with negative peer pressure, but it happens in both direct and indirect ways that can be hard to spot.

Identifying the type of peer pressure you may be experiencing can help you:

  • understand how friends can influence decisions

  • learn how to cope with their negative influence

Quiz

Peer pressure entirely disappears in adulthood because adults are mature people.

False

True

Direct

Direct negative peer pressure is your friends directly asking you to do something, just like in Kelly's situation! It's a powerful form of peer pressure because it's hard to resist.

Remember that Kelly is afraid of ridicule and losing her friends if she doesn't skip school. This type of pressure makes her feel guilty about her decision and can lead to confrontation with her peers.

Kelly's friend calling her a wet blanket

Indirect

Indirect negative peer pressure is subtle but still powerful enough to influence your decisions. There's an unspoken pressure on you to do the same things as your peers in order to fit into the group.

It sounds easier to resist, but it's just as difficult because you may feel "uncool" if you don't follow your peers. When all your friends are wearing the same brand of shoes, you have to go out and buy a pair whether you like them or not, right?

a boy saying in panic "what am I missing out on!"

4 Ways To Handle Negative Peer Pressure

  1. Learn to say no

    Saying “no” and meaning it isn't easy. So why not practice telling others that you don’t want to do something?

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  1. Be assertive without being aggressive

  • Act calm and confident

  • Make eye contact

  • Say what you want clearly and politely

  • Stay firm in your decision

Kelly tells her friend she doesn't want to skip her class

  1. Offer alternatives

    You may hesitate to say no because you think you'll be unpopular with friends. A helpful strategy is to offer positive alternatives.

Kelly and her friend talking

Kelly: Hey, we have a big history exam coming up. Why don't we go to this class and see the movie over the weekend?

  1. Walk away

    Sometimes it's better to make an excuse and leave, especially in situations that could put you in danger. Having a canned excuse and throwing some humor in might be a good idea! For example, if you're pressured to drink alcohol, you might say, "My mom is picking me up. I don't want to be grounded for life!"

Take Action

Kelly really does have more than two choices! And so do you.

The reality is everybody experiences negative peer pressure. Instead of making snap decisions, you can think through options without giving in to peer pressure.

To handle negative peer pressure:

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Most importantly, build friendships with the right people who have your best interests at heart!

Learn more about other types of peer pressure in this Byte!

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This Byte has been authored by

IS

Inci Sariz Bilge

Learning Experience Designer