"Don't follow the path, go where there is no path and begin the trail."
At six years old, Ruby Bridges was at the center of the fight against racial segregation in schools as one of the first Black students to attend an integrated school in the US South.
What lessons can we learn from herstory?
It Takes Courage To Go First
In 1954, a US Supreme Court ruling ended racial segregation in public schools.
The Southern states continued to resist integration and created a test that was intended to be difficult for Black students.
Ruby Bridges was among five students who passed the test. She was part of the first group of Black students to attend Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans.
U.S. Marshalls had to escort her every day to and from school because of segregationist protests that happened outside of the school.
Only one teacher, Barbara Henry, was willing to teach her, so Ruby spent her days as the only student in her kindergarten class.
Courage Is Contagious
Ruby faced adversity head-on and held her ground. By her second year at Frantz School, Bridges walked to school every day by herself.
At first, may parents removed their children from the school to protest Ruby's presence, but eventually other students joined her in class, and the school began to see full enrollment again.
Not only did Ruby Bridges change society, but she also changed the future of education.
Her presence in schools helped lead the way for eduction to be more inclusive of people from all walks of life.
Small Actions Have Big Impact
When Kamala Harris was elected as the first Black woman to become Vice-President of the United States in 2020, many people said:
"Ruby walked, so Kamala could run."
The brave actions of a 6-year-old opened doors for Black people in the US.
It might seem like a small action, but the impact was huge.
What big changes did Ruby's actions have an impact on?
Go Against The Grain
A lifelong activist for racial equality, Ruby recognized from an early age that racism and other forms of oppression are passed down from generation to generation.
She decided to work with children to help them learn from her story.
In 1999, Ruby Bridges created the Ruby Bridges Foundation to help end the fight against racism. The foundation's purpose is to promote respect and equal treatment for people of all backgrounds.
She believes that if enough people "go against the grain" by challenging injustice, they can inspire others to act and change the course of history.
Change can start small and it's not always easy.
It wasn't so long ago that Ruby lived in a world of segregation. Her story is a reminder that massive changes like racial integration can start with the small acts of courageous and committed people.