Have you ever heard of endometriosis? 

While there might be a chance you have, endometriosis isn't widely talked about. It's important for anyone with a uterus to learn and talk about endometriosis because it can affect your health.

How do I pronounce "endometriosis"?

Watch the video below to hear how to pronounce the word:

What is endometriosis?

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Endometriosis is a painful disorder that some people who have uteruses can suffer from. The uterus, also known as the womb, is the hollow, pear-shaped organ in the pelvic region.

Inside the uterus exists a tissue called the endometrium. The endometrium is also considered the uterine lining or the lining of the uterus. 

The endometrium is the part of the body that prepares every month to host an embryo. When a person’s eggs aren't fertilized, the endometrium sheds and is expelled from the vagina. This process is called menstruation, or simply, having a period!

Quiz

What is the tissue that lines the uterus called?

So what goes wrong?

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Sometimes, the endometrium that is supposed to grow inside the uterus can end up growing outside the uterus. While the endometrium that grows inside the uterus has a clear exit from the body, the vaginal canal, during every menstrual cycle, the tissue that doesn't grow in the uterus has no place of exit. 

Since this tissue becomes trapped, it can cause certain issues such as:

  1. Cysts in the ovaries called endometriomas

  2. Irritation in surrounding tissue

  3. Formation of scar tissue

  4. Formation of adhesions

These issues can lead to certain symptoms.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

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  1. Painful periods, including cramping in the pelvic area for several days before the period starts or several days after it ends 

  2. Painful intercourse

  3. Pain while urinating or during bowel movements, which can happen especially during your period

  4. Heavy menstrual flow

  5. Infertility

How is endometriosis diagnosed and treated?

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While pelvic examinations, ultrasounds, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are a few different methods to check for signs of endometriosis such as the cysts or endometriomas mentioned above, there is only one definite method to check for the disorder — a laparoscopy. 

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A laparoscopy is when a viewing device is surgically inserted inside of the abdomen to check for endometrium-like tissue outside the uterus. This can help surgeons find the size and location of the tissue and treat the disorder accordingly.

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Doctors sometimes treat certain cases of endometriosis through pain medication, fertility treatment, or hormonal treatment. At times, doctors might recommend a hysterectomy or the surgical removal of the ovaries.

So, how is it treated?

Doctors sometimes treat certain cases of endometriosis through pain medication, fertility treatment, or hormonal treatment. At times, doctors might recommend hysterectomy or the surgical removal of the ovaries.

Take Action

Endometriosis is highly underdiagnosed because women's pain is often disbelieved and discredited. Girls who complain about painful periods are labelled "too dramatic" and not every physician is willing to perform a laparoscopy.

This is why it's important to understand and de-stigmatize endometriosis so that people can talk about it.

If you have symptoms that seem like the aforementioned and doctors are not able to diagnose you with other menstrual disorders, it's important to educate yourself on endometriosis and push for more detailed diagnosis procedures!

For more information on endometriosis, read the sources below:

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This Byte has been authored by

SS

Sarah Shamim

PR, Social Media and Content Associate

SK

Saba Khalid

Founder & CEO at Aurat Raaj