Human rights are basic standards of life to which all people are entitled simply because they are human.

Photo by Gemma Chua-Tran on Unsplash

History of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Following World War II, the United Nations (UN) was created. As part of this creation, it was decided that the rights of every individual everywhere should be defined. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created to define what rights should be guaranteed to every person on the planet, without exception.

On 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was formally adopted by the UN.

Byte Author Uploaded ImageEleanor Roosevelt and Human Rights Declaration

The drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Byte Author Uploaded ImageDr. Charles Malik (Lebanon)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageDr. Peng-chun Chang (China)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageEleanor Roosevelt (US)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageWilliam Hodgson (Australia)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageJohn P. Humphrey (Canada)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageAlexandre Bogomolov (USSR)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageRen? Cassin (France)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageCharles Dukes (United Kingdom)

Byte Author Uploaded ImageHernan Santa Cruz (Chile)

The 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  1. Innate freedom & equality

  2. Ban on discrimination

  3. Right to life

  4. Ban on slavery

  5. Ban on torture

  6. Right to recognition as a person before the law

  7. Equality before the law

  8. Right to effective judiciary

  9. Ban on arbitrary detention

  10. Right to public hearing

  11. Right to presumption of innocence

  12. Right to privacy

  13. Right to freedom of movement

  14. Right to asylum

  15. Right to a nationality

  1. Right to marriage & family

  2. Right to own property

  3. Right to freedom of thought & religion

  4. Right to freedom of opinion & expression

  5. Right to freedom of assembly & association

  6. Right to take part in government

  7. Right to social security

  8. Right to work

  9. Right to rest

  10. Right to an adequate standard of living

  11. Right to education

  12. Right to participate in cultural life

  13. Right to a social and international order

  14. Duties & limitations

  15. Salvatory clause


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides the framework for a standard of life to which all people should have access.

How are these rights upheld or not upheld in different areas of the world?

Do you agree with the 30 human rights listed in the Declaration? Are there any rights that you would add, delete, or alter?

Byte Author Uploaded ImageImage by Pat Lyn at


Your feedback matters to us.

This Byte helped me better understand the topic.

I feel confident that I can apply what I learned.

I would recommend this Byte.

Connect with Rumie learners

Browse more content and join a supportive community!

- Discord Member

This Byte has been authored by


Tressa Thompson

Graduate Student in International Education at New York University