**You're an excited student teacher ready to make your mark on the world! **You buzz in to meet your **seasoned teacher mentor **who has much **wisdom **to pass on to the next generation of teachers.

She asks to review your lesson plans. You nervously hand her your lessons, and she quickly realizes that you need a **crash course** in direct instruction lesson planning.

With a reassuring smile, she invites you to her desk and begins to teach you the 6 steps to writing a direct instruction lesson.

## What is Direct Instruction?

**Direct instruction **is the most traditional teaching method. It uses lectures to teach students. This method of teaching relies on one-way communication, with the teacher as the speaker and students listening while taking notes.

Check out the video below for more information about direct instruction. 🔽

## 1. Lesson Objective

A learning objective is a statement that says what learners will be able to do at the end of a lesson. In direct instruction, **all lessons must have a learning objective.**

It's important that objectives are both **specific **and **measurable. **This means the objective clearly states the goal and how success is measured.

One way to ensure this is to use **Bloom's Taxonomy.**Bloom's taxonomy is a teaching framework that categorizes learning goals, skills, and activities.

This allows teachers to assess if learners have met learning goals.

Check out these lesson objectives below.

### Students will label the solar system with 80% accuracy.

Students will label the solar system

**[specific: the action students will perform]**with 80% accuracy

**[measureable: how we measure how successful learners are]**.

### Students will correctly solve 30 multiplication facts within 3 minutes.

Students will correctly solve 30 multiplication facts

**[specific: the action students will perform]**within 3 minutes

**[measurable: how we measure how successful learners are]**.

#### Quiz

Which part of the objective is missing: "Students will match pictures of food to the correct food group. "

## 2. Lesson Opener

A lesson opener **gets** **learners ready for instruction.** This is critical, as it sets the stage for the rest of the lesson.

During this step, the teacher should capture the audience’s attention and determine what students already know about a subject.

There are numerous ways to open a lesson. A teacher may consider asking a question or showing a short video clip. For more ideas for lesson openers, take a look at 10 Engaging Lesson Hooks.

## 3. Teacher Instruction

The teacher **presents the lesson's objective** and **new information** to learners.

The most frequent strategy used in this stage is **modeling**. Modeling happens when the teacher shows step-by-step instructions on how to complete the lesson's goal.

The teacher should use many examples and illustrations while modeling. This ensures that learners have numerous opportunities to **understand particular concepts and skills and retain new knowledge**.

#### Quiz

Which direct instruction strategy would help a teacher explain how to write a 5 paragraph essay to students?

## Guided and Independent Practice

After teacher instruction, students **practice the skill** they were just taught.

There are two forms of practice. Guided practice should be completed before independent practice.

## 4. Guided Practice

Students **practice the skill with the assistance of the teacher** or other students. The teacher may put students into small groups for them to work together to complete a practice task.

During this time, the teacher should provide feedback and correct any mistakes.

## 5. Independent Practice

Following guided practice, students then independently practice the lessons' skills on their own. This again provides another opportunity for students to practice their newfound knowledge.

The **goal for the new knowledge is to become automatic** with practice.

#### Quiz

A teacher has modeled how to write a 5 paragraph essay to their class. Which activity can be used for independent practice?

## 6. Review and Closure

During this stage, the teacher reviews the **main ideas** of the entire lesson,addresses any **mistakes**,and answers any **lingering questions**.

Another popular practice during this step is **formative assessments**.

A formative assessment is a test that **measures** **how much content/skill a learner has mastered**, for example, by using knowledge checks or exit tickets.

## Knowledge Checks

This is usually a 1-2 question quiz given **during** a lesson to see if learners understand what was just taught.

A teacher may reteach, remodel, or continue with the lesson based on the data from the knowledge check.

### Example

After modeling how to solve a multiplication equation using the traditional method, students will:

Use the traditional method to solve the following equation 6 x 7.

Use the traditional method to solve the following equation 4 x 5.

### Exit Tickets

These are usually 1-5 questions quizzes given at the **end** of a lesson. Exit tickets pose questions about the whole lesson rather than just a lesson part like a knowledge check.

The teacher can then reteach missed points to students the next day, providing further feedback to students before a final test.

### Example

At the end of the lesson on how to solve a multiplication equation using the traditional method, students will:

Rate from 1-3 (3 being very confident) how confident they are using the traditional method to solve multiplication equations.

Use the traditional method to solve 5 x 7.

Use the traditional method to solve 12 x 12.

Go over any questions or concerns they still have about using the traditional method to solve multiplication equations.

## Take Action

### Would you like some more practice with writing direct instruction lesson plans? Check out these tips:

## Your feedback matters to us.

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