Did you know that every day more than two billion cups of coffee are consumed around the world?
If you're a coffee lover and want to learn how to make a great-tasting cup of coffee, then the key is to:
know how to select good quality coffee beans
be aware of different types of roasts and identify their freshness
be open to experimenting with various brewing techniques
A coffee bean is actually a seed of the coffee cherry fruit that grows on the coffeaplant.
There are many factors that affect the growth of the plant and the flavor of its coffee beans including climate, elevation, soil type, and seed varietal.
Most of the world's coffee is grown within the Bean Belt. It include countries in:
Central America —smooth, fruity, slightly nutty, grown in very high-high altitudes
South America — slightly sweet, mellow, with hints of caramel and honey, grown in medium-high altitudes
Asia — woody, earthy, grown in medium-low altitudes
Africa — fruity, floral, hints of wine and berry, grown in very high-high altitudes
The coffee fruits are processed to remove all the sticky layers. This involves the use of machinery or fermentation techniques and will influence the flavor of the coffee. To learn more about coffee processing methods visit this link.
Types of Coffee Beans
There are 2 types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta .
Arabica beans are:
grown at high altitudes
smoother with a sweeter taste
known for high-quality flavors and aromas
comparatively lower caffeine content compared to Robusta
more popular due to their superior flavor
Robusta beans are:
grown at low altitudes
stronger, harsher with a more bitter taste
higher caffeine content
hardier, disease-resistant, and produce better yields
used for commercial production of instant coffees and espresso blends
Types of Roast
After coffee beans are harvested, they need to be roasted to reduce moisture and bring out natural flavors and aromas.
There are 4 general categories of roasted coffee beans :
Light Roast: Light brown color with no oil on the surface, mild flavor, more caffeine and less aroma than darker roasts.
Medium Roast: Medium brown color with no oil on the surface, strong flavor.
Medium Dark Roast: Dark brown color with some oil on the surface, bittersweet flavor.
Dark Roast: Shiny black color with oily surface, bitter flavor.
💡It's time to test your knowledge!
Jules wants to have a cup of coffee that has an earthy aroma with the maximum caffeine impact.
Which type of coffee should Jules choose?
Choice of Grinds and Brews
Coffee beans are ground to different sizes which is important when choosing the brewing method. If too much flavor is extracted because the grind isn't compatible with the brew method, the taste could be bitter. Too little extracted and your coffee could taste sour.
Here are some suggestions on how to brew coffee according to the grind:
Ground: Brew Method
Extra coarse: cold brew
Coarse: French press, percolator
Medium coarse: drip
Medium: pour over (3+ min brew)
Medium fine: pour over (2-3 min brew)
Extra fine: Turkish
Cold brew: Coarsely ground beans sit in cold water until the flavor seeps out. The strained concentrate is then served with ice or milk. Use a light roast.
French press: Hot water is added to extra coarsely ground beans, and then pressed to the bottom. Use a medium-dark roast.
Drip: Hot water drips onto medium-coarsely ground coffee beans, through a filter, and into a carafe. Use a medium roast.
Pour over: Hot water is poured over medium-finely ground beans in a filter. Use a medium roast.
Espresso: Hot pressurized water is forced through finely ground coffee beans . Use medium to medium-dark roast.
Turkish: Extra finely ground beans are added to hot water and then boiled over an open flame. Use a dark roast.
Armed with the knowledge from this Byte, you can now make a cup of joe that perfectly suits your tastes!